Although the deep red (Pyrope) variety of Garnet is the most well known and commonly used Garnet on the market, the term Garnet can be used to describe a variety of closely related minerals that come in many different colours. There are six main mineral types of Garnet, which include Almandine, Pyrope, Spessartite, Grossular, Andradite and Uvarovite. General names for specific stones are also used on the gemstone market to describe different garnets within those mineral families. A brownish-Orange variety of the Grossular garnet. This colour is causes but the presence of Manganese and iron inclusions. The best garnet Garnets have been said to be found in Sri Lanka. Colour-Change Garnet - A mix of Pyrope and Spessartite varieties, these garnets change colour depending on the light source they are exhibited in. They change from Light green, brown or yellow colour in daylight to a purple or pink colour in incandescent light. In extremely rare cases they can even be blue. These are usually found in Madagascar but can also be found in Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Norway and USA.
Garnet is named after the Greek word "granatum", meaning pomegranate seed. Legend has it that Plato had his portrait engraved on a Garnet by a Roman engraver. In medieval times Garnet was thought to cure depression as well as protect against bad dreams and in Greek mythology it was given as a gift of love.
No matter what type of garnet you are after, stones that have high clarity, deep colour and are nicely cut are most sought after.
Indian Name: Rahu or Gomedh
Color: light to dark green, light to dark yellow to reddish brown, occasionally translucent to opaque pink